Psychologist Explains Consumer Behavior Model When Purchasing A Car

A lot of people consider buying a car. That is because they believe it is a necessity. Perhaps that is due to the long distance drive people have to do every time they go to work and run some errands. However, purchasing a car is a significant investment, and it is not an easy decision for everyone. That is primarily those who can’t seem to afford. But that is not all; there are so many factors involved in the decision-making such as desire, financial means, behavioral approach, environmental impacts, and even other people’s approval. That is where a psychologist tries to explain this behavior specifically on these individuals who are purchasing a car.


People often want to make a statement about their personality every time they attempt to purchase a car. That explains why all consumers are different and don’t share the same preference when it comes to buying. Their actions get defined by a dynamic interaction from the effects of their behavior and cognitive aspects. It also represents their approach in the exchange aspects of their lives, the involvement of cognition and affection, as well as influence from the environmental event.

With apologies or perhaps as depicted by Jason Statham, a new study suggests those who view their car as an extension of themselves have stronger aggressive driving tendencies. — Rick Nauert PhD

Behavior, Affect And Cognition

In terms of understanding consumer behavior, it is essential to understand affection and cognition. That is because it refers to the internal and psychological reactions that people may have concerning their response to objects they encounter and experience from the external environment. Meaning, it relates to consumer’s emotions and thoughts. These two factors are the standard point that will decide whether a consumer should purchase or not. However, there are cases that even if a consumer already recognizes his emotions and thoughts, his behavior still wins the situation. That although the person knows he can’t afford to buy or don’t entirely feel the need of purchasing, he buys the car anyways.


Environment (Social And Physical Characteristic)

The environment takes a significant factor that explains why a consumer should or should not purchase a car. It refers to the social and physical characteristic of a person dealing with the surrounding things. It goes in both macro and micro levels of a consumer’s external world. One of the most notable examples is the inconvenience of distance. With that particular state, a consumer would feel the necessity of having a vehicle. There is this fulfilling sense that guarantees convenience at all times. Another case is social approval. It is where an individual finds himself liking what other people mostly like. That is, regardless of affordability and consistency. Next is peer pressure. There is this mentality that since everyone in a person’s circle owns a car; there is a need to have one too. Peer pressure significantly affects a person’s way of thinking by slowly trying to incorporate negative life perspectives.

Beyond the more theoretical arguments, research has shown implicit attitudes have been more closely associated with green behavior than explicit attitudes. — Ian Zimmerman Ph.D.

Consumer Behavior Model

Convenience Recognition Behavior – It is where the consumer realizes that owning a car is a necessity for daily use. That is, regardless of the distance people have to take every day. Meaning, there are times that even if an individual only needs to walk a couple of miles, he will choose to use a vehicle.

Information Search Behavior – It is a type of consumer behavior model that focuses on source finding. It is where a consumer attempts to complete information about a particular car he wants to purchase. It supports the estimates of an individual’s need that will determine as to whether an automobile fits in his preference.

Evaluation Of Alternatives – It is a consumer behavior model that is more likely common in most people. It supports the process of comparing several other automobile types in regards to their respective prices and equipment. Usually, it does not entirely need to follow a preference. Instead, the consumer focuses on the totality of the whole purchasing process, such as convenience, affordability, quality, and warranty.

Because personality traits and consumer behaviors can be measured accurately, understanding the relationships between the traits and behaviors allows a researcher to understand the motivations without having to ask people for this information. We believe that when a trait is correlated with a consumer behavior, it can be inferred that whatever motivation this trait is connected to is the motivation for that behavior. — Ryan T. Howell Ph.D.


Product Choice – A consumer chooses a car due to its value for money. Meaning, it will not matter to the individual if the car is almost on its warranty or put on sale. It will not also matter even if it is a second-hand item as long as it is still functioning. It will always become a perfect product choice based on consumer monetary preference.

Outcome/Post Purchase – It is a consumer behavior that does not necessarily need to consider anything. It is emotion-based decision-making where when a consumer feels happy about the purchase; he will feel satisfied throughout using it.

Nevertheless, if you are looking into acquiring a car of your own but having second thoughts, it might be best to consult first. Discussing with a counselor has become very convenient ever since the advent of online platforms like BetterHelp. You may be surprised by how licensed and experienced therapists can assist you with this.

Honestly, anyone can purchase a car, depending on their needs and preferences. However, it is vital to know the different consumer behavior types so people can understand where their decision-making process comes from.

Trying To Prevent Getting In A Car Accident And Needing To See A Therapist Later? Know Why Your Check Engine Light Is On

As someone who has apprenticed for a local therapist and helped him schedule therapy sessions and consultations, I know that not every patient who calls or sets foot in the clinic are dealing with autism, ADHD, Alzheimer’s, and other illnesses that no one has control over. Some of them have been victims of bullying and different forms of abuse, and they hope that the counselor can help make their nightmares go away. Others get diagnosed with major depression, severe anxiety, mania, etc. after splitting from their partner, losing a job, and, worse, losing a loved one in a car accident.


As you find me talking about cars mostly here, you may be able to tell that I have since ditched my dreams of becoming a therapist. Automotives will always have my full attention – nothing can change that. Nevertheless, if there is one thing that I can advise to people so that they can avoid initiating a vehicular accident or at least getting in trouble on the road is to be mindful of their check engine light.

What Is Check Engine Light?

Check engine light is also known as the malfunction indicator lamp. You will typically notice this light in the instrument panel behind the steering wheel of most cars. It gets triggered by the odometer, which tells you how much distance you have covered. As the former name suggests, the check engine light signal will switch on whether there is a minor or severe issue with your vehicle.

Why Does The Malfunction Indicator Lamp Turn On?

The engine of a car is comparable to a human brain. Even though it appears to be a single mass, there are a lot of wirings and other items connected to it that are essential to operate the entire vehicle smoothly. With this tidbit in mind, in case you see that the check engine light is switched on, it will be rather unwise to conclude that the motor may require a significant overhaul or that you will have to start looking for a new model because of it.

In hopes of preparing yourself if you encounter this situation, here are the three common reasons why the check engine light in your car may be on.


1. The Oxygen Sensor Is Damaged

An oxygen sensor has a vital role in making sure that the amount of fuel that enters the vehicle’s engine is directly proportional to the level of air that comes with it. This ascertains that the liquid substance can be converted into a form of energy, which makes the car run. The system that works within the auto will immediately let you know if ever one of the sensors needs your attention because it can affect its ability to burn fuel well.

The failure is typically due to the soot coming from used oil that coats the equipment and dampens its capability to sense the proper proportion of petroleum and oxygen. Aside from the fact that it will encourage your engine to consume more energy than necessary, it can also emit smoke that is harmful to the people and the environment.

2. The Gas Cap Is Not Operational

The opening to the fuel tank may be on one side of your car and is quite far from the location of the motor, but the truth that the gas ends up inside the engine remains. For this reason, if the check engine indicator lights up and your quick assessment under the hood tells you that there are no leaks or broken cables, your problem can be as simple as the fuel cap being loose.

The excellent point of the issue is that you can fix it on your own without the help of a mechanic. This entails that you will only have to spend several dollars to purchase a replacement cap and tighten it in place.


3. The Spark Plug Has To Be Changed

Your automobile can be driven to various locations not merely because you have enough supply of fuel within the chamber but also because the spark plugs are igniting it. Thus, once a spark plug becomes faulty, the engine can die down on automatic, and restarting the car in the same situation may not happen. This is why experts often advice vehicular owners to have the auto frequently examined, specifically if you will use it on long trips a lot. The stores that sell car parts also have spark plugs in their inventory, by the way; you can replace a faulty spark plug by yourself at home anytime.


The next time that your check engine light comes on, you will, therefore, know what things to check first.

The Benefits Of Investing In A Family Car

While researchers can determine, quite easily, consumer behaviors from self-report data, it is almost impossible to get reliable data on why they buy what they do. — Ryan T. Howell Ph.D.

Today, transportation is a huge investment that benefits both the economy and society. Construction of more roads, bridges and other infrastructures increases mobility and accessibility. We can meet our needs by using different vehicles. Working becomes less tiring. Bringing our kids to school or bringing home grocery becomes easier. It also encourages us to go outside with our friends or family for vacations. You won’t regret having a vehicle ready for any event.

You might be wondering which type of car you should invest in. To help you with this dilemma, it’s highly recommended you invest in one that will still work as your children grow. Not only should the vehicle last, but it should also be convenient. Therefore investing in a family car will benefit you the most.

Common Types Of Family Cars

Before understanding the benefits of a family car, we should first identify them. It is essential to know which ones are available in the market. The characteristics of each car type will help you determine the right one for you. Listed below are the four most common types of family cars up for sale.

  • SUVs

Sports Utility Vehicles (SUVs) are four-wheeled vehicles. These are usually referred to as big and rugged. This type of car has a spacious interior enough to carry large items. It is also designed for off-road travel. An SUV appears tall because it’s chassis. It prevents damage from rocks during off-road journeys. This vehicle is often seen with seven seats making it an attractive choice for families.

  • Minivans

These are small vans designed for passenger safety and comfort. Also referred to as Multi-Purpose Vehicles (MPVs), this vehicle was around since the ’80s. It was a popular choice back then but is fading with the appearance of SUVs. This guarantees better deals for a brand-new minivan compared to a second-hand SUV. Maintenance and insurance for this car are relatively cheaper. This vehicle is also very spacious and can accommodate around five to seven people. It is not very tall making it easier for your kids to get off.

  • Hatchbacks

The hatchback is a smaller version of a minivan. They provide an almost equal volume for passengers and cargo. This type of vehicle can accommodate only five people. It has a hatch-type rear door which opens upwards. Hence, this car is sometimes referred to as the 5-door.

  • Sedans

Sedans are small and long vehicles that can accommodate only five people. This vehicle separates the passengers from the cargo by having an external trunk. They are a favorite choice for small families and working parents.

My approach to negotiation is different from the standard. Instead of asking, “What’s your best price?”, I made the first offer, one that I knew would be a fine deal but not a clearly unrealistic one. When he said no definitively, my saying “Thanks anyway” and then waiting a moment, let me know that if he’d let me hang up, I was asking for too good a deal. — Marty Nemko Ph.D.

Why You Should Invest In A Family Car

Now, you are familiar with the different car types. The next question is whether it is worth it. To answer your question, here are four benefits of investing in a family car.

  • Convenient For The Family

Investing in a family car can help you with work. This becomes very convenient if you work far away. Not only does it help with work, but it also helps with daily activities. Usually, family cars are spacious enough for groceries and other cargo. This can also help reduce expenses from school. Aside this can become their primary means of transportation.

  • You Control Your Time

Having your own transportation allows you to take hold of your time. This prevents you from wasting time from public transit during rush hours. Gaining complete control of your time also lessens stress. You get less tired and increase the work you can do. This is very important for families with busy schedules. If ever you need to pick-up your children from school or go to work immediately, having a car on standby is the best way to go.


  • Traveling Becomes More Accessible

Having a car ready makes it possible for the family to go anywhere. Given the time and budget, you can go around and travel to places which you haven’t been to before. By traveling with your kids, you can build stronger family relations. Aside from that, you can expect your child to grow. They become adaptive to changes in their environment. Their creativity and curiosity increase as they see new cultures, objects or people. It allows them to have a space for learning outside their classrooms.


  • For Immediate Emergencies

Young children are susceptible to several diseases. Your child will always be exposed to the new virus and bacteria. Their immune systems are not prepared enough to block these microorganisms. This makes them vulnerable to diseases such as colds and slight fevers. Children are also prone to accidents. They enjoy moving around and exploring. Thus, having a car on standby will lessen the risks of such diseases and accidents from getting worse.


The study looks at how personality, attitude and values contribute to aggressive driving behaviors. Sadly, aggressive driving causes a third of all accidents that involve personal injuries and two-thirds of all fatal accidents in the United States. — Rick Nauert PhD

It is best to invest in a car that best suits your family’s current situation. If you have a family business or a huge family, you should invest in an SUV or Minivan. For smaller families, it is best to invest in Hatchbacks or Sedans. Still, having a vehicle on standby is very beneficial.

4 Ways To Sell A Vintage Car


Have you decided to let go of your vintage car finally? Do you think that other amazing people are going to love this beloved possession of yours? Are you interested in turning your hobby of collecting this kind of car into a fortune? If you answered yes to all these questions, then make sure to read the rest of the article. We are going to provide you with the smart ways on how to sell a vintage car to the public. Knowing all these things can help you in finding the right buyer for the vehicle as well as prevent the possibility of being defrauded during the transaction.

Continue reading “4 Ways To Sell A Vintage Car”

What You Should Do When You Go To A Vintage Car Auction


For vintage car aficionados, going to an auction house is a life-long wish. That is one of the few events in which you can become surrounded by classic autos the entire day, after all. It is better than going to a museum because you do not need to listen to boring guides who have no idea about half of what they talk about. Furthermore, you can take a picture with any vehicle you want to purchase and get a glimpse of the eras they survived, hopefully straight from the owners themselves.

Nonetheless, you have to realize that a special occasion like this one is not always all-inclusive. It won’t be like Comic-Con or VidCon wherein anyone who can afford the tickets can attend. Apart from the vehicles, the organizers also consider the security of the people who may be coming to bid for the vintage cars.

If you want to participate in an auction for the first time, therefore, you should remember the following.

  1. Pre-Register

Becoming a bidder comes with lots of paperwork. You may not enjoy the event if the folks managing it asks you to fill up various forms in between the auction. Assuming you do not wish for it to happen, you should register as soon as you enter the place.

  1. Come To The Venue Early

Going to an auction is different from watching a movie in the theater where you have a designated seat. First come, first served – that is typically the rule in the former. To avoid having to stay at the rear end, for this reason, you should come to the venue a few hours before the set time.

  1. Don’t Forget Your Money

In most bidding occasions, people hardly accept credit cards or cheques. They need to see the real dollar bills so that they won’t have to wait for the money to reach their account. Due to that, you should withdraw some bank notes to bring to the event.

  1. Be Aware Of The Additional Fees

Considering it is the first auction you have ever been to, you may only have enough cash to pay for registration, as well as the vintage car that you may get. However, it matters to ask the organizers about the other fees you may need to provide if ever you win a bid. Some want a percentage of the actual price of the vehicle before they hand it over to you, mind you.

  1. Try Not To Feel Pressured

Being in a room full of enthusiastic auction-goers tend to make you want to join the fun and submit a bid as well. Your brain may also egg you on to buy any car, regardless if you genuinely like it or not. Despite that, it is best to keep your cool and not feel pressured to spend your money on something that may disappoint you later.

  1. Don’t Leave Until Bidding Is Over

Moreover, even when all the highlighted autos are out of the market, you should stay on your seat and wait until the end. You are already there; you undoubtedly do not want to miss any exciting happening. Besides, many of the high bidders are usually gone at this point, so you may still have a chance to get a classic at a reasonable price.


Final Thoughts

Buying a vintage car through an auction is not the most budget-friendly decision – that is a fact. The bidders need to one-up each other; thus, the price of the vehicle can reach six or seven figures sometimes. However, even if you do not intend to purchase anything, it is still fun to experience being in such an event along with other classic car enthusiasts.

5 Things Newbies Are Not Supposed To Do At A Vintage Car Auction


Attending an auction for collectible cars is a dream come true for many enthusiasts. It is an event that honors the classics and allows other people to prolong the journey of these vehicles; that’s why the occasion resembles a black-tie party more than anything. Every man or woman is in a suit or evening gown, respectively. Uniformed waiters serve foods and alcoholic beverages to the auction-goers. All of these to pay homage to the elegance and timelessness of the cars that are on display that night.

Now, considering it is the first time for you to go to an auction, you should know that rules are strictly in place here. If you toe the line, someone from the organizers may tell you off. If you keep on breaking their directions, the guards may escort you out of the vicinity.

To prevent this problem, therefore, learn the things that you are not supposed to do at a vintage car auction.


  1. Believe The Auctioneer’s Photos

Most – if not all – advertisement for car sales are already digital. There is a website dedicated to firms holding the event. You may also check out the vehicles that will get auctioned off there, along with brief descriptions about them.

The thing is, you should not decide out of the pictures you will see on such sites. Quite often, advertisers will add photos of what the cars looked like back in the day. It is hard to tell whether its appearance is still the same or not until you come to the venue.

  1. Lay A Finger On The Classics

Vintage autos in auction houses are similar to the valuable items that you may have looked at in museums. No one is supposed to leave a fingerprint on them; the handlers wear gloves to avoid making any mark on its surface as well. While the cars are not in glass cages, though, you should still stop yourself from caressing the hood of the vehicles or even letting your breath touch them.

  1. Show Off

Try not to be the kind of auction-goer who flaunts his or her money by laying suitcases full of cash on the table or talking loudly about wanting to outbid everyone. You should take note of the fact that other folks in the crowd may be wealthier than you. It is best to befriend people in events like this one too so that you get invited in more auctions in the future.

  1. Raise Your Hand Often

While the biddings are still ongoing, it is best to keep your hands to yourself. Plant them on the table or hide them under it if you must. The reason is that lifting a hand anytime at this point – even though you merely want to get a waiter’s attention or wave at a friend in front of the room – may seem like a signal to the auctioneer that you wish to participate. Problems will occur if you end up winning a car that you don’t even know you bid for initially.

  1. Blow All Your Hard-Earned Money

Furthermore, when you get surrounded by people who are there to spend the cash they have down to the last penny, it is effortless to feel like you should do the same. The truth, however, is that you can sit still and observe the different emotions in their faces as they either win or lose the bids. It is not mandatory for you to use all your savings there.



Final Thoughts

Going to a vintage car auction is an exciting experience, for sure. Not everyone gets the privilege to attend one. This event is not as common as the auctions for storage units or used vehicles either. If you manage to take part in one, therefore, you should savor the moment, look without touching any of the cars, and consider bidding if there is something you want to get for real.


4 Things You Shouldn’t Forget When Getting Your First Vintage Car


Have you recently felt a deep yearning to start collecting vintage cars?

Well, you are not the only man or woman who has ever been tempted to keep classic autos as their prized possessions. When you always hear your grandparents talk about the vehicles they used to drive back in the day or watch the actors in black-and-white movies hop on a car that does not look like anything that manufacturers make today, it is effortless to dream of owning a timeless automotive and riding it around the city. The only reason we see now as to why there isn’t a vintage car in every garage is that their cost may be way beyond other people’s budget.

Considering money is the least of your concerns, though, it means that you can buy your first classic vehicle anytime. Only, try not to forget to do the following before sending your cheque or handing out your cash.

  1. Look For Multiple Sellers

The first thing you should do is hunt for different individuals who sell the models you are eyeing. You can hire an agent to look for them on your behalf. At the same time, some folks set up a virtual ad, so you may seek them online when you are free.

It is never wise to only focus on a single seller, especially if he or she is a stranger to you. You have no idea whether that person lies about the car or is telling the truth. Besides, when you talk to multiple vendors, you have the liberty to select the one you like the most.

  1. Bring A Reliable Appraiser

Since you are a first-time buyer of vintage cars, it is not uncommon for hawk-like sellers to try to deceive you. In their mind, you don’t know everything about the vehicle apart from its year of manufacture. Hence, they think that they can make you purchase a car that may have an authentic casing, but its parts are all newly installed.

The only way to circumvent that circumstance is to take a trustworthy appraiser with you to inspect the car. This individual can verify the things that the seller mentioned to you. In case you inform the vendor about your wish to bring a vintage vehicle expert, though, and he or she refuses or insists on hiring someone they know, then it’s time to leave that place and look for another seller.

  1. Know Whether You Can Drive The Car Or Not

Classic autos are ideally not the type you buy because you want to travel for hours. You get them to put on display or wait for the value to increase before re-selling them. Despite that, it won’t hurt to ask the vendor if you can still ride the car for quick trips to the supermarket.

Knowing the functionality of the vehicle can give you an idea as well about the proper price for it. Assuming the engine works, for example, you can purchase it at a slightly higher rate. However, if all the parts are rustic or need restoration, you may try to bargain.

  1. Avoid Buying For The Wrong Reasons

Lastly, you should say goodbye to the seller respectfully if you know that you don’t want the car deep inside. An owner who wants to make money out of it can try to appeal for your humanity and come up with sad stories about why he or she sells the vehicle. However, in case you have no use for it or the auto is more of junk than a treasure now, you don’t need to get it.


Final Thoughts

Getting a vintage car can be as fulfilling as landing your dream job or entering your love nest for the first time. Of course, it may be daunting as well, primarily if you are not an expert with vehicles. Once you widen your buying scope and hire the right people to help you find one, though, nothing can go wrong.

Good luck!

When Collecting Vintage Cars For The First Time


Having a collection of vintage cars typically make people think more highly of you. That is not the kind of hobby you will hear about from average folks. Often, only celebrities, executives, and individuals who get a lump sum of retirement funds can afford to obtain vehicles whose tales are as old as time.

Nonetheless, for first-time car collectors like yourself, you might be unconscious of how tedious your newfound hobby can be. There are plenty of classic models to choose from, to be honest, as well as vehicular parts to consider. In case you want something that you can drive, you usually have to decide between an old auto that requires thousands of dollars’ worth of repairing, or a car that may not have many stories to tell but functions decently. Moreover, we have not even begun speaking of your budget, the vehicle’s market value, and other important stuff.

Because of that, when collecting vintage cars for the first time, you should:

  1. Find Old People To Talk To

You have to realize that the best vintage cars are not in fancy dealership places. Some may have a few in stock, and the agent can tell you everything you want to know about the auto. However, no one can genuinely understand a car unless it came out during your prime.

That is why you should look for old people instead if you want to obtain a vintage car. They can teach you how to find a valuable vehicle. They do not exactly need to consult online auto reviews since these folks have undoubtedly used the cars they talk about.

If you are blessed, you might stumble across a senior citizen who wants to give his or her prized possession a new home. Then you will be able to acquire a classic without having to pay the additional fees that some dealerships tend to charge to buyers.

  1. Stop Obsessing Over Collectors’ Items

Some wealthy car enthusiasts that you see on TV may merely invest in models that a company created a handful of versions of at the time. The fewer its copycats are in the world, the better it seems for them.

Since you have barely started collecting cars, though, you do not have to get obsessed over limited-edition vehicles immediately. That can occur much later when you already know how to distinguish an authentic vintage car from a restored one. At the moment, it may be best to place the auto’s story on top of your priorities.

  1. Be Prepared To Spend

The reason why many practical individuals only pay attention to brand-new vehicles is that they want a low-maintenance car. After all, when you buy directly from the brand, they can replace a faulty car with a better version of the same model anytime. You may not have to worry about changing the oil or fixing other parts as the technicians at the branch can do that for free while the vehicle is still under warranty.

Now, in case you are only interested in purchasing old cars, you should be okay with spending your hard-earned money. The vintage ones that run perfectly do not come cheap – that’s for sure. Considering you opt for a classic with a worn-out engine but has all the original parts intact, you need to prepare for the restoration process, which may require you to cough up a few thousand dollars more.


In The End

Collecting vintage cars for the first time involves knowledge, money, and dedication. You cannot spend a lump sum of cash on a vehicle that someone says is classic without getting proof of its authenticity. You may need to search for the car by yourself too, primarily if you have not made connections yet.

Keep these ideas in mind once you venture out into the world as a vintage car collector. Cheers!

The Right Questions To Ask When Buying A Used Auto


Don’t we all know the beauty of buying a brand-new car? The seats, the dashboard, and every other part of the vehicle are fresh out of the factory. The engine and the air-conditioning system are fully functioning too. If there is something you do not like about the car, the dealer can replace it with the same model while still under warranty.

However, brand-new does not always fit the buyers’ needs. Some are short in the budget department; that’s why they have to make do with what they can afford. Others, meanwhile, love the idea of remodeling second-hand cars so that they look better than the new models.

Regardless of the reason, if you will buy a used auto, these are the right questions to ask:


1. What Is The Car’s History?

Your first query should focus on the vehicle’s previous escapades. You ought to find out the places it has traveled to, and more importantly the accidents it has encountered. The reason is that it isn’t advisable to purchase an auto that has gone through significant repairs, e.g., overhauled engine and rebuilt transmission lines. You cannot re-sell next time at a fair price or bring it to the brand’s service center since the parts may no longer be original.

2. Does It Run Still?

It also matters to inquire whether the car’s engine is still running or not. If it is, then you undoubtedly have less stuff to fix. Considering it stayed stuck in someone’s garage for a decade or so, you have two options: 1) haggle for a much lower amount, or 2) seek a different seller. The former choice typically works for die-hard collectors, to be honest, so feel free to opt for the latter if you need the vehicle for the daily commute.

3. Who Drives The Car?

Knowing who uses the auto can inform you of how much “loved” it has been. For instance, if its owner is an old lady who only drives around the village, you can assume that the engine did not get battered at all. In case you are eyeing a car that a racer or someone who enjoys long drives used to own, then its wheels may have seen better days. You need such things into account so that you’ll be able to get the auto for the right price later.

4. Does It Have All The Necessary Papers?

Carnapping is real, and you do not want to purchase any vehicle that came out of that crime. It will help to ask the seller to show the car’s documents – proof of title, vehicle identification number, and any warranty it may still have –before you decide on handing in your hard-earned money.

5. Can A Mechanic Take A Look At It?

The next thing you can do is to ask the owner if he or she will allow you to call a mechanic over to scrutinize the motorized parts of the auto. This professional should be able to confirm what the seller said about the car. In case he or she says, “Go ahead,” it may mean that the person is confident regarding the vehicle’s condition. Otherwise, you better look for another car that does not have a shady vendor.

7. Is The Owner’s Asking Price Justifiable?

Finally, check if the amount that the seller wants you to pay matches the state of the car. You can consult your mechanic friend once again about that as he or she likely knows vehicle prices. It will not hurt either to search for similar models and manufacturing dates online so that you have an inkling of how much others sell the same car.


Buying a used auto is a wise move for people who need a car but do not wish to shoulder the monthly payments that brand-new vehicle owners usually have to send to financing companies. There are many second-hand cars out there that work decently, and they are budget-friendly. You need to know everything about the auto you feel like getting so that you won’t purchase a vehicle that is in an awful shape misguidedly.